Slightly different guidelines if you're playing in the Toronto mirror.
We understand that good questions take much longer to craft than unoriginal ones and that beginning players often do not have the experience to realize what separates a good question from a mediocre ones, so it would be unreasonable to demand perfection from every pack. We simply ask that you try to create a pack of questions that you would enjoy playing. (This should not be confused with creating a pack of questions concerning only subjects that interest you.)
To help you with construction of the pack, we have included a list of guidelines. Some of these are written to help moderators who will read your packet but are not on your team or at your site.
The Topic Areas and Reference Sources section contains many links and particular advice for each subject category. The idea is to make it easy for you to write your packet while this window is open, going through each category in turn. The biggest problem that we've found in writing a packet is simply coming up with ideas on what to write about. We hope that this section will be as helpful to you as it is to us.
Do not send your packet to the VETO contact person, because he'll probably be playing on it!
You can think of this as having some teams "adopt" one and only one other team. The purpose of the above rules is to allow more freedom in scheduling, so that no more than two teams are required to have byes in a round. If you're on team C and you got help from both Bob on team A and Doug on team B, then all three teams would have to sit out your packet. That's a situation we'd prefer to avoid.
As long as you still have 24 tossup and 22 bonuses, you may omit the multimedia questions in the e-mailed packet, although visual questions are usually easy to send by e-mail.
Tossups are intended to be interrupted at some point. The clues in a tossup should progress from hard to easier, and must not trick players into giving a wrong answer. In addition to whether it has interesting clues, the three main criteria to judge whether a tossup is good are:
Each of these criteria will be discussed in detail after we show a couple of examples.
TOSSUP (good) This city originated as a hunters' camp named Pile o' Bones, after the remains of buffalo left there. With the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1882, it began 23 years as capital of the Northwest Territories as well as headquarters of the Northwest Mounted Police, later the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, which still has its academy there. For 10 points, what is this city, named after Queen Victoria, that has since 1905 been capital of Saskatchewan? Answer: ReginaThis is a straightforward, factually dense question. It has many substantial clues, most of which can refer only to Regina:
The following example is modified from Gerard Magliocca:
TOSSUP (good) This author's wife, Elaine, was upset when she saw his classic 1939 novel in a Japanese bookstore translated as "Angry Raisins". For 10 points, name this American author who described Rose, Sharon, Ma, and Tom as the Joad family travels during the Great Depression from Oklahoma to California in The Grapes of Wrath. Answer: John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr.This question has an interesting lead-in that will appeal to both players and spectators alike, making the question entertaining and memorable. It also has many substantial clues:
TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) For a quick ten points, what is the capital of Afghanistan?
Tossups should not be too long, either, because long tossups slow down the game. You should not exceed six (6) lines if writing in an equally-spaced font with 79 columns per line.
Always write the words "for ten points" in the last sentence of every tossup, right before the final set of clues. This is how you indicate to players that the "giveaway" is coming up. And don't make it too hard. Example:
TOSSUP (ending, bad) ... For ten points, name this novel in which Henry Clerval ends up dead on the shores of Ireland. Answer: FrankensteinIf that is your easiest clue, then not many people will get it. Here is a better choice to be more certain that the tossup gets answered:
TOSSUP (ending, good) ... For ten points, name this Mary Shelley novel about a Swiss doctor and his monstrous creation. Answer: Frankenstein
There is a very simple reason why tossups should be answerable (beyond players enjoying getting questions right). If tossups go dead, you've wasted time writing the full complement of bonuses. If 6 tossups go dead, bonuses 15-20 will never be used. If you wrote it, you may as well try to have it used.
Try to write your tossups at such a level that you'd expect about 90% of them to be answered in a typical game at VETO, and about 80% of the tossups to be interrupted before the final clue if two good VETO teams are playing. How do you estimate that if you've never been to VETO before? To get an idea, you can look up the results postings from VETO since 2002 on the CAQL results page. Each year's VETO results page has links to (most of) the packets that were used, and also the scores (including number of tossups) that teams got on each round.
TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) A German chancellor, a U.S. state capital, an archipelago northeast of New Guinea, the sea enclosed by that archipelago, and the largest city in Equatorial Guinea. For 10 points, which is not named Bismarck? TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) He served as German chancellor from 1871 to 1890 and was known for his policy of "blood and iron". For 10 points, spell his last name.
TOSSUP (beginning, bad) Even though he looked silly presenting several signed golf balls, the former prime minister in this investigation ... Answer: the Gomery Commission
In that example, "he" is the first pronoun, and could lead players to buzz incorrectly with "Chrétien" after hearing "golf balls". A better way to phrase it would be:
TOSSUP (beginning, good) In this inquiry, a former leader made a spectacle by presenting several signed golf balls... Answer: the Gomery Commission
Here, "this inquiry" makes it clear what type of answer is being sought. As a stylistic note, since the beginning of the question refers to "a former leader", you should include his name, Jean Chrétien, somewhere in the rest of the question, probably in the last clue.
TOSSUP (beginning, bad) This playwright brought the problems and ideas of his day onto the stage, and created realistic dramas of psychological conflict ... Answer: Henrik IbsenA player with an encyclopedic knowledge of theatre would be able to think of several possible answers, and would be at a disadvantage compared with someone who had only superficial knowledge of a few big names like Ibsen. This problem could be fixed easily by adding something concrete:
TOSSUP (beginning, good) In his plays, such as John Gabriel Borkman and An Enemy of the People, this dramatist ... Answer: Henrik IbsenSome questions have several possible answers after a few words have been read.
TOSSUP (beginning, bad) Facing legal difficulties because of alleged financial chicanery, he resigned as Vice President of the United States...
Spiro Agnew is not the only answer. Calhoun had similar difficulties in his time, though they may be less well remembered today. Some players will interrupt the question at this point. Players who are waiting to differentiate between Agnew and Calhoun will be at a disadvantage to other players who are thinking of only Agnew. Or, a player who is aware of Calhoun may bet the odds and incorrectly answer Agnew. Either way, this question might trap a better player, penalizing knowledge.
One might choose to add additional information at the start of the question to minimize this ambiguity and precisely target the desired answer as soon as possible, as in:
TOSSUP (beginning, good) This former American state governor, facing legal difficulties because of alleged financial chicanery...
There is nothing wrong with questions in which the answer is not the immediately obvious one. Further, there is nothing wrong with more general introductions (This U.S. President...). However, you should strive to minimize question ambiguity as much as possible, especially when the introduction narrows the possible answers to just a few probable answers (This Norwegian playwright...).
TOSSUP (good) Warning: TWO ANSWERS REQUIRED. For most of their lengths, they are roughly parallel, running southeast about three hundred kilometres apart until the longer one makes a ninety-degree turn at Zaporizhia ["zap-a-RIDGE-ee-a"]. Their estuaries are about one hundred kilometres apart on the Black Sea's Odessa Bay. The shorter one forms part of the border between Moldova and Ukraine. The longer one passes through Kiev. For 10 points, what are these two rivers with very similar names? Answers: Dnieper ["NEE-purr"] (or Dnepr or Dniapro or Dnipro) and Dniester ["NEE-stir"] (or Nistru or Dnestr)
Multiple answers on a tossup should all be of the same type: for example, two rivers, or two countries, or two people, that are somehow natural to ask about together. (In the Dnieper-Dniester case, people often get them confused with each other, so a question asking for both of them is probably more likely to get answered than a question asking for only Dnieper, or only Dniester.) Avoid toss-ups that require "non-parallel" pieces of information to be given, such as both a book and its author, or both a country and its current ruler. In any case, tossups with multiple answers can get unwieldy, so you're often better off asking the question as a bonus.
Don't write tossups that allow for "two possible answers", such as a rewriting of the Dnieper-Dniester tossup above:
TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) Warning: EITHER OF TWO ANSWERS IS ACCEPTABLE. For most of their lengths, they are roughly parallel, running southeast ... [rest is same as above]A tossup should have a single correct answer. Now it's possible that the answer might be expressed in more than one correct way (such as a person's real name / common pseudonym, or a title in the original language / translation into English), and if so, you should write those alternative answers, but there's no need to state outright that there are two (or more) possible answers.
TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) Henry Clerval, William, Elizabeth. These are all victims of what creature? Answer: Frankenstein's MonsterThe lack of identification could have a player buzz in early with Frankenstein, since that list is of names of characters in the novel. A better way to phrase the question would be:
TOSSUP (beginning, good) Its victims include Henry Clerval, William, and Elizabeth ...
Another "puzzle" type of question is a tossup that begins with a seemingly incongruous list of things and challenges the players to try to figure out what the things have in common. Example:
TOSSUP (good) Six letters to Ronald McDonald. A list of all 3-letter legal Scrabble words, plus one "non-regulation word". The first hundred thousand digits of pi, with one digit wrong. All are in this novel narrated by Ethan Jarlewski about himself and five co-workers at a videogame company in Burnaby, B.C., whose surnames all begin with the same letter. For 10 points, name this 2006 book that begins, self-referentially: "Oh God. I feel like a refugee from a Douglas Coupland novel." Answer: JPod
Although it isn't clear what kind of answer is sought until the third line, in this case it's extremely unlikely that the initial set of clues could refer specifically to anything else. The tossup does state half-way through that the answer is a novel, but by not making that clear right away, the question encourages lateral thinking, which can be interesting as long as it doesn't mislead.
Here is a an example of a non-pyramidal tossup:
TOSSUP (bad: don't write like this) Known as the Iron Chancellor, he was in Paris on September 18, 1862, when he received a telegram that read "Periculum in mora. Dépêchez-vous. L'ami de Maurice Henning" that was sent to him by War Minister von Roon. Five days later in Berlin, he succeeded Prince Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen as head of government. For 10 points, name this nobleman who ruled Prussia from 1862 to 1890. Answer: Otto Eduard Leopold Prince von Bismarck
In a real match, that question would likely be over in 5 words. It could be rewritten as:
TOSSUP (good) He was in Paris on September 18, 1862, when he received a telegram that read "Periculum in mora. Dépêchez-vous. L'ami de Maurice Henning" that was sent to him by War Minister von Roon. Five days later in Berlin, he succeeded Prince Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen as head of government. For 10 points, name this nobleman who ruled Prussia from 1862 to 1890, earning the nickname, "the Iron Chancellor". Answer: Otto Eduard Leopold Prince von Bismarck
Ordering the clues can be difficult, particularly in subjects that you are not good at (which is why it is encouraged to spread question-writing duties to teammates who are best with specific categories). Broadly speaking, in a typical tossup of four or five clues:
Ideally, the majority of your tossups should be answered somewhere in the middle, so that everybody hears the first full clue, and somebody has already answered before the "giveaway" clue gets read. In every tossup, try to have a lot of steps in your "pyramid" of difficulty so that there isn't one point when a whole lot of players try to buzz in at once. Buzzer races make the game less fun because they make it more about luck than about knowledge and anticipation. The giveaway clue should only be there for matchups featuring two weaker teams, a -5 on one side, or the fluke of no one knowing a particular category.
Every Bonus question is worth 30 points. Scoring must be such that the number of points a team may earn on any particular Bonus will be some multiple of 5 points, in the range 0 to 30.
Bonus questions are supposed to test deeper knowledge than tossups. Since they will be read in their entirety, it is not necessary to put more obscure facts before more obvious facts unless these facts are given in separate parts of a multi-part question. If a bonus has multiple parts, there should be some sort of theme connecting the parts. The theme could even be a hidden one that won't become obvious until the whole question is read.
Please avoid writing bonuses that ask for rote associations, such as "given the country, name the capital", or "given the title, name the author". Too many people still write questions of the form "given the title, name the author". There's nothing wrong with asking for the author of a book, but if you do, please include something about the book's contents.
No part of a bonus should have a text that exceeds six (6) lines.
BONUS (good) Just as the U.S. has states like Alaska and Hawaii that are not contiguous with the rest of the country, France has a number of overseas departments scattered around the world. Identify these departments for 10 points each. A. The most populous of the overseas departments, this island in the Indian Ocean has been part of France since 1642. ANSWER: La Réunion B. Divided into the twin islands of Grande-Terre and Basse-Terre, this Caribbean department is home to the dangerous volcano Soufriere. ANSWER: Guadeloupe C. Located 25 kilometres off the Newfoundland coast and occupied by the French since 1604, this department is the last remnant of the French North American colonial empire. ANSWER: Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
When writing a three-part bonus with a clear easy, medium, and hard part, it may occur to you to assign 5 points to the easy part, 10 to the medium part, and 15 to the hard part. But this is not a good idea, because the "hard" 15-point part is a double penalty: not only are teams going to have trouble getting the points because the question is hard, but if they can't get it, they lose access to half the points on the bonus. Assign 10 points to each part instead. You can have the hardest part first, last, or in the middle, depending on the interrelation of the parts of your question.
BONUS (good) Answer these related questions. Five points for one, 10 for two, 20 for three, and 30 for all four: A. Those born following the post-World War II baby boom, this term was the name of a Billy Idol band and the subject of a 1964 Jane Deverson study of British youth. Answer: Generation X B. Jenileigh Sawatzke currently holds this title. No one has ever been elevated from this title, as representative of the Equality State, to the position of Miss America. Answer: Miss Wyoming C. Set in Dorian mode, this song about loneliness was on the Beatles' Revolver album. Answer: Eleanor Rigby D. Generation X, Miss Wyoming, and Eleanor Rigby are all novels by this German-born, Canadian novelist. Answer: Douglas Coupland
If a four-part bonus has two easy parts and two harder parts, you could assign 5 to each easy part and 10 to each harder part.
BONUS (good) The Talmud states that "seven prophetesses preached to Israel". For 5 points apiece, name any six of these female Jewish prophets. You have 15 seconds. Answers: Abigail (or Avigayil), Deborah (or Devora), Esther, Hannah, Huldah, Miriam, Sarah
When asking for a reasonably long list like this, you should give more than the usual 5 seconds allotted to a bonus prompt. Fifteen seconds is a good amount. If the time limit is more than 5 seconds, you must write it in the question. The time limit is not up to the moderator's discretion, because it's supposed to be the same in every room.
If you've got a visual bonus with some labelled things in a picture, you could ask for players to name some number of things of their choice on the picture. An extreme example from VETO in 2005 showed the official photos of all members of the Senate (grouped by province or territory, and listed in alphabetical order within each) and asked players to name any six of them for 5 points each, in 15 seconds.
BONUS (bad: don't write like this) Place the following men's explorations in chronological order from earliest to latest. You'll get 5 points for each explorer placed in the correct position, plus a bonus 5 for all correct. They are: Jacques Cartier voyages to Canada; Henry Hudson sails into Hudson Bay; John Cabot explores the east coast; Champlain founds Quebec; Martin Frobisher searches for the Northwest Passage. Answers: 1. Cabot (1497-1498) 2. Cartier (1534-1541) 3. Frobisher (1576-1578) 4. Champlain (1608) 5. Hudson (1610-1611)
The problems with questions like this are:
On the other hand, under some circumstances, it is reasonable to ask a question that requires multiple answers to be given in a certain order. Example:
BONUS (good) There was a British general election on May 5, 2005. For 5 points for one, 10 for two, 20 for three, or 30 for all four, name the four parties that won the most seats in the House of Commons, in order from most to least seats won. You have 15 seconds. Answers: 1. Labour Party 2. Conservative and Unionist Party 3. Liberal Democrats 4. Democratic Unionist Party
BONUS (good) Name the location, for 30 points after one clue, 20 points after two clues, or 10 points after all three clues. For 30: The location's name occurs in the title of the opera from which I'll play an excerpt of its overture. [[ PLAY audio1.mp3 ]] For 20: [[ HAND OUT FILM POSTER ]] The location's name occurs in the title of the film for which this is a poster. For 10: [[ HAND OUT SATELLITE PHOTO ]] It's the city pointed to by the arrow in this satellite photo. Answer: Algiers (al-Jazaa'ir), Algeria
In any progressive bonus, the first clue must specify the answer uniquely. (In the example above, there's only one location named in "The Italian Girl in Algiers".)
Less objectionable than 30/20/10 bonuses are bonuses that have two answers, each of which has two clues, the first one for 15 points and the second for 5. Example adapted from Mitchell Szczepanczyk:
BONUS (good) Name each of these movies from the year of release and the working title for 15 points, or from an additional clue for 5 points. A. For 15: 1995, I was a Teenage Teenager For 5: Alicia Silverstone starred in this adaptation of Emma. Answer: Clueless B. For 15: 1990, 3000 dollars For 5: 3000 dollars was the amount that Julia Roberts and Richard Gere agreed on in this movie. Answer: Pretty Woman
Don't write bonuses asking for three answers progressively, 10/5 + 10/5 + 10/5, because if the team needs the 5-point clue every time, that's a total of six conferrals, which is too many. (Four conferrals on a bonus is the maximum number allowed.)
The most popular type of multiple-choice question gives a list of things and asks whether each item in the list is of one type, another type, both, or neither. Example by R. Hentzel and Dwight Kidder:
BONUS (good) Fermion, hadron, both or neither? Given each particle, identify it as a fermion, a hadron, both, or neither. You'll earn 5 points for one, 10 points for two, 20 points for three, and 30 points for all four. The moderator will give answers at the end. A. electron Answer: fermion B. pion Answer: hadron C. photon Answer: neither D. neutron Answer: both
Don't write more than a couple of multiple-choice bonuses.
On bonuses, unlike on tossups, you can have points depend on a numerical range, such as a part that asks "for 10 points for the exact year, or for 5 points within 5 years". Example:
BONUS (good) Give these distances in kilometres. You get 10 points if your answer is correct within ten per cent, or 5 points if it's correct within twenty per cent. A. What's the distance from the earth to the sun? Answer: 147.5 million km (accept in range 132.75 167.86 million km for 10 points, or otherwise in range 118.00 183.12 million km for 5 points) B. What's the radius of the earth? Answer: 6367 km (accept in range 5721 7016 km for 10 points, or otherwise in range 5085 7654 km for 5 points) C. What's the distance from Bonavista to Vancouver Island, as the crow flies? Answer: 4983 km (accept in range 4484 5481 km for 10 points, or otherwise in range 3986 5980 km for 5 points)Notice that you need to write down the numerical intervals in the answers. The moderator doesn't have time to figure them out on the spot.
Questions that require calculations are much better suited as bonuses (or more precisely, parts of bonuses) than as tossups. When writing a calculation question:
BONUS (part, good) ... B. If a blackbody radiates one hundred watts at a temperature of two hundred kelvin, how much will it radiate at a temperature of four hundred kelvin? Answer: 1600 watts (The radiation scales with the fourth power of absolute temperature.)
Another difference with tossup answerability is that all the bonuses in a packet should be roughly equivalent in difficulty level. Players get frustrated when their team is asked a bonus question that is clearly more difficult than a bonus question that they heard the other team being asked earlier in the game. (For tossups, it doesn't matter if some questions are notably easier or harder than others, because both teams have equal chances at answering tossups.)
BONUS (part, bad) ... For 10 points each, name the two men who backed the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War.Backed in what way? There were hundreds, if not thousands of men who were directly involved in the Gallipoli campaign, and there were other men in politics, finance, the press, etc., who supported it.
BONUS (part, bad) Answer the following about the AngloSaxon epic Beowulf 10 points a piece: Where does Beowulf travel to?There are several possible answers: Denmark, Zealand, Heorot Hall, or back home to Sweden. The question should ask "which kingdom", "which island", or "which hall", and somehow specify that it refers to the beginning of the story.
One thing you do need to watch out for when writing a bonus question is that you must be very clear about how the question will be scored, and how many answers are required. Sometimes players miss these things if the question isn't worded clearly enough. (And occasionally the writer forgets to include them.)
TOSSUP (beginning, bad) Its moment-generating function is (1-2t)-N/2 ...
This would be better written as:
TOSSUP (beginning, good) Its moment-generating function is the quantity one minus two t raised to the power negative N over two ...
You might even consider writing out big numbers in words, such as "one million forty-eight thousand five hundred and seventy-six" instead of "1,048,576". A moderator is less likely to make a mistake when reading the words.
The acid/base indicator phenolphthalein ["fee-nole-THALE-in"] is used in ... The economist John Maynard Keynes ["KAYNZ"] wrote his General Theory ...
Unfortunately, we can't expect readers to be familiar with the International Phonetic Alphabet, so you're limited to English-looking sounds in your pronunciation guides.
Remember that you, the writer, have time to look up the pronunciations of words or names that may be unfamiliar. The moderator does not have that luxury.
Name these things in the tirade located at www dot F the south dot com ... C. At the end of the rant, the red states are told that they can't have their (expletive deleted) convention here next time.
Include any and all alternative answers that mean the same thing. Examples:
Answer: spam Answer: George A. Hormel and Company Answer: acetone or 2-propanone or dimethyl ketone or (CH)3(COCH)3If you'll be using ASCII format, so that underlining isn't possible, then put _underscores_ around the minimum information.
Answer: (Martin) Brian Mulroney Answer: Rajeev Ratna Gandhi Answer: Richard StraussYou should always include as much of the full name as you can find. If some show-off insists on answering "Martin Brian Mulroney", he still deserves the points, but if he answers "Matthew Brian Mulroney", then that's wrong.
Answer: Shirley Jane Temple or Black Answer: Hillary Diane Rodham, or Hillary Diane Clinton
Answer: George Orwell, or Eric Arthur Blair Answer: Francois-Marie Arouet, or Voltaire
Answer: Casse-Noisette, or the Nutcracker ballet or suite Answer: Voina i Mir, or War and Peace Answer: Hepta epi Thebas, or Seven Against Thebes Answer: die Zauberflöte, or the Magic FluteTo find the original title, consult a literary encyclopedia such as Benet's, or try a library catalogue, many of which are on-line.
Translations of the title into languages other than English should not be accepted. So, for example, "La guerre et la paix", the French translation of "Voina i mir", would not be accepted unless the question were actually asking about a French translation.
Non-"standard" translations of original titles should also be accepted, especially if they are better than the standard ones. For example, the title of Dostoyevsky's Bratya Karamazovy is usually translated as The Brothers Karamazov, even though this is not correct idiomatic English. Proust's A la recherche du temps perdu is usually translated as Remembrance of Things Past, even though this is a mistranslation of the title. Include a literal translation when possible, together with translations that have appeared in print. Examples:
Answer: A la recherche du temps perdu, or Remembrance of Things Past, or In Search of Lost Time [literal] Answer: Bratya Karamazovy, or the Brothers KaramazovAdditional comment isn't needed in the last example, because the moderator should be aware that "The Karamazov Brothers" means exactly the same thing. Similarly, in the following example:
Answer: Die Entführung aus dem Serail, or The Abduction from the Seraglioan answer of "Kidnapping from the harem" would also be accepted, even if it does sound somewhat less refined.
Basically, a multimedia question is one that requires the moderator to do more than just read the text on the page. You must have one set of whatever props are required for every game room.
We are requiring at least one multimedia question in every packet, because these questions are fun to play on. But they're also fun to compose! These questions are banned in most American quiz bowl tournaments, but we think that this fact just adds to the thrill. You can appeal to all five senses:
As a source of audio clips, you need not limit yourself to your own CD/MP3 collection: the World Wide Web offers a wealth of MP3 and RealAudio files that you can record off your computer.
In our experience, it's best to limit each sound segment to at most 20 seconds, unless you have a bonus with several parts asking about a single sound segment, in which case up to 30 seconds is OK.
VETO rounds will be untimed, with 20 tossups played in each. But you will have to write more than 20 tossups and 20 bonuses, because:
|Science, Math, Technology||3 4|
|Current Events||2 3|
|Fine Arts||1 2|
|Religion, Philosophy, Mythology||1 2|
|Social Science||1 2|
|Popular Culture, Games, Sports||1 2|
|General Knowledge||0 3|
Avoid writing more than one question in the same narrow subject area, such as Manitoba geography or Margaret Atwood literature.
Don't include more than 50% Canadian content overall. The person who wrote the all-Canadian packet in 2002 now regrets having done so. Also spread your Canadian questions around the various subject areas, rather than concentrating them in Geography or Literature for example.
Search engines and directories provide access to more pages, but caution: you may find not only a lot of useless links, but also completely bogus stuff written by any fool with an account on the Internet. You have to judge the reliability of sources you find:
OpenStax has textbooks for university subjects, available for free download.
The Packet Archive at Stanford University contains many American quiz bowl packets going all the way back to 1989, and the Collegiate Packet Archive has packets from more recent tournaments. These are great sources of examples of the format (some good, some bad). They can be good places to find inspiration for questions on similar topics. For example, you might see a question about a particular novel, and copy its structure in an original question about a different novel. Or, if you read a question on a subject you know a lot about, it might make you realize that you could write a more interesting question on the same subject, with different clues and different answers. A couple of caveats:
Also see the list of categorized answers from VETO in 2005 through 2016 from the packets that were made public.
Your questions in this category should cover a diversity of subdsciplines.
Some possible answers to questions in this category:
Answer: beaver or Castor canadensis Answer: tea or Camellia sinensis
Answer: acetone or 2-propanone or dimethyl ketone or (CH)3(COCH)3 Answer: hydrochloric acid or muriatic acid or HCl ["H-C-L"]
Avoid questions that ask what letter is used to represent a physical quantity, or vice versa.
Some multimedia ideas:
You've got thousands of years and a whole planet to choose from. (Questions about extraterrestrial history usually fall under the category of Science, or perhaps Religion/Mythology.) Overall, your history questions should cover multiple time periods and geographic regions.
Don't forget about the world beyond North America and Europe, and don't obsess about wars. Wars are obviously important in history, but if more than half of your history questions are about wars, then it can seem excessive.
Some possible answers to questions in this category:
Some multimedia ideas:
Your literature questions should be about works in several of the genres above; in particular, novels, poetry, and plays should always be represented in a packet. Include questions about works written in a variety of places and times. At least half of the literature you ask about should have been written originally in English, but literature in other languages should also be represented.
Writing questions about literature is hard for some of us who are not confident of our own level of literacy. Are we asking about works that are too obscure? If we ask about well-known works, are our questions too easy?
Some possible answers to questions in this category:
Some multimedia ideas:
Include questions about a variety of types of geographical features in a variety of parts of the world.
Some possible answers to questions in this category:
Some multimedia ideas:
Some multimedia ideas:
Some multimedia ideas:
Some multimedia ideas:
When asking questions about terminology in these fields, make sure that it's a standard term and not used only by your textbook or professor.
Some multimedia ideas:
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